Historical Context

18 de Julio Av. and Florida St. in 1922
18 de Julio Av.
and Florida St. in 1922

Uruguay in 1922 had a little less than a million and a half inhabitants, of which 30% were in the capital, Montevideo. It was a democratic, prosperous and peaceful country inserted in a period that the historians calls "the Batllist Uruguay".

Ruled by the 1918 Constitution which established a "two-headed" Executive shared by the President and the Consejo Nacional de Administración (National Administration Board).

Baltasar Brum serves on the first charge, while the second board composed of nine members, and was chaired by José Batlle y Ordóñez.

José Batlle y Ordóñez casting his vote
José Batlle y Ordóñez
casting his vote

And 1922 was an election year. So on November 26, by effect of the 1918 Constitution for first time in the history of Uruguay citizens elect directly a new President, in an universal but only male suffrage. Along with the election of the Executive, charges were voted the members of the Legislature: one third of the Senate and the entire House of Representatives.

To the ballot boxes were going six parties: Colorado, National (Blanco), Communist, Socialist, the Civic Union and Industrial Union.

The citizen most voted was the nationalist Luis Alberto de Herrera, but which would be the winner was the Colorado candidate José Serrato due to the accumulation of votes its party. The Colorados were 123,279 against 116,080 of the nacionalists. The other groups together barely exceeded 10,000 votes.

The engineer Serrato, assume on 1th March of the following year. Meanwhile, the Consejo Nacional de Administración became chaired by Julio María Sosa.

In this social and political framework appears the Uruguayan radio broadcasting...